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2019年福建专升本英语预测试卷 (二)(1)-全国成人高考

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2019-10-09 15:45:01 来源:福建成考网
作者:尹老师
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2019年成人高考专升本英语预测试卷 (二)

第 Ⅰ 卷 ( 选择题,共 125 分)

  Ⅰ. Phonetics (5 points)

  Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letter combinations

  marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the

  others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  1. A. popular B. large C. remarkable D. dark

  2. A. society B. precious C. decision D. medicine

  3. A. exist B. explain C. examine D. example

  4. A. climb B. comb C. doubt D. double

  5. A. chemistry B. chimney C. charge D. choose


  Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)

  Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four

  choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the

  corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  6. I suggest that she ______ another day.

  A. will come B. comes C. came D. should come

  7. He doesn’t seem at all sorry for ______ he has done.

  A. that B. what C. which D. how

  8. I was very tired. Otherwise, I ______ to the theatre with you.

  A. had gone B. would go C. went D. would have gone

  9. ______ gathering and storing information, the computer can also solve complicated problems.

  A. Not only B. Except C. Unless D. Besides

  10. They showed me the spot ______ the accident took place.

  A. there B. that C. where D. which

  11. ______to wait for hours, she brought along a book to read.

  A. Expected B. To expect C. Expects D. Expecting

  12. Let’s ______ the problem for the time being: we can return to it later.

  A. settle B. stop C. interrupt D. leave

  13. He finds it difficult to ______ himself to the climate.

  A. apply B. account C. avail D. accustom

  14. When she heard the bad news, she ______ completely.

  A. broke away B. broke down C. broke out D. broke through

  15. John’s score on the test is the highest in class; he ______ last night.

  A. must have studied B. had studied C. must study D. studied

  16. ______ to the speaker for five minutes, he got up and left.

  A. Listened B. To listen C. Listening D. Having listened

  17. He was very busy yesterday; otherwise he ______ to the meeting.

  A. had come B. would come C. could come D. would have come

  18. In no circumstances ______ a lie.

  A. you should tell B. shouldn’t you tell C. you shouldn’t tell D. should you tell

  19. He was very upset by the ______ of his English examination.

  A. effect B. loss C. result D. final

  20. The clock ______ and we realized it was two o’clock.

  A. hit B. struck C. rang D. sounded


  Ⅲ. Cloze (30 points)

  Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices given below and

  marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blankening

  the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Games can be both fun and difficult. Scrabble is a game I like best but is not an easy one. 21

  are going to play scrabble tonight. Henry cannot 22 all the rules, so I will 23 them. Do you want to

  learn? Listen carefully, and we'll play 24 .

  25 player takes seven letters. Your letter might be A, S, T, E, B, P and L. You can spell many

  words with these letters. You can spell TABLE with five of them, and you can spell MAP, SAT,

  LET, BAT, and others with 26 of them. But you cannot use names of persons, countries, or cities.

  You have to be careful : some letters are worth more points 27 others. For example, A, E, L,

  S and T have one point each. B and P have three points each. 28 points can be different for words

  with the same number of letters. SAT will give you 29 three points, and BAT will give you five.

  TABLE will give you 30 points: three for B and four for the other four letters. Use TABLE, you

  will get 31 points, and you might win the game.

  At the end of the game the players 32 their points. The one 33 the most point wins. 34 , you

  might have one hundred forty points. That is a good 35. But I might have one hundred sixty points,

  and Henry might have one hundred seventy points. Then Henry wins.

  21. A. Tom, I and Henry B. Henry, Tom and I

  C. I, Henry and Tom D. Henry, I and Tom

  22. A. know B. study C. keep D. remember

  23. A. explain B. help C. teach D. play

  24. A. faster B. sooner C. later D. after

  25. A. Either B. Each C. A D. One

  26. A. three B. four C. five D. two

  27. A. for B. of C. than D. in

  28. A. A number B. The number of C. A lot of D. Plenty of

  29. A. more than B. only C. less than D. fewer than

  30. A. five B. eight C. six D. seven

  31. A. much B. less C. more D. some

  32. A. add to B. add up to C. add D. add up

  33. A. with B. has C. gets D. gives

  34. A. However B. For example C. After all D. such as

  35. A. idea B. points C. score D. way

 

  Ⅳ. Reading Comprehension (60 points)

  Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four

  questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one

  best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.


Passage One

  The Leaning Tower of Pisa has defied (违背) the laws of gravity for seven and a half centuries.

  Every year, on June 19th, a professor from the University of Pisa climbs to the bell tower and

  measures the increase in the slant with special instruments. And every year the professor makes

  the same report: the tower has leaned a fraction of an inch more. Last summer, the 125 foot-high

  tower was leaning an incredible 15 feet out of line. Scientists say that unless a way is found to stop

  the tilt, the tower will collapse in less than 80 years.

  The tower is leaning because the soft subsoil of Pisa will not support it. Its foundation is

  sinking into the soil at an angle, causing the tower to lean. Since a tremor could shake the

  foundation loose, the ringing of the tower’s bells was forbidden in 1959. Trucks are not allowed to

  pass in the neighborhood of the tower for this same reason.

  36. The statement which best expresses the main idea of this passage is that ______.

  A. the Leaning Tower of Pisa is in increasing danger of collapsing

  B. every year a professor measures the increase in the tower’s slant

  C. the tower is leaning because the subsoil of Pisa will not support it

  D. there is only one way to save the Leaning Tower of Pisa

  37. It can be inferred from the passage that last summer the tower was found tilted further by

  ______.

  A. 15 feet B. more than one inch

  C. a fraction of an inch D. several inches

  38. The tower tilts more and more because ______.

  A. the ringing of the bells causes a tremor

  B. there are passing trucks nearby

  C. it is built on soft soil

  D. its foundation has been shaken loose

  39. Why is the tower described as defying the laws of gravity?

  A. It had resisted shaking tremors for hundreds of years.

  B. It was built on soft ground.

  C. It leans a fraction of an inch more every year.

  D. Scientists think that it should have collapsed long ago.


Passage Two

  Dr. Hausman is a hair detective (侦探). Once a mountain lion killed a thirteen-year-old boy. The

  town offered a reward of thousand dollars for anyone who would kill the lion.

  One day an excited hunter came to the town to say that he had killed the mountain lion. As

  proof that he had killed the right animal, he showed a ball of human hair. He said he had taken the

  hair from the stomach of the mountain lion.

  However, another hunter soon showed up to claim (要求得到) the reward. He too had a ball

  of human hair that he said he had taken from the dead lion's stomach. The town did not know

  which man to pay. Maybe neither one had killed the right mountain lion. To settle the argument,

  they decided to turn the whole thing over to Dr. Hausman.

  Dr. Hausman studied the hair and reported that the second hunter should be paid. The hair in

  the stomach of the mountain lion he had killed matched the hair of the boy. The whole town was

  relieved to know for sure that the killer had been found.

  There are other kinds of detectives who do not wear a uniform but who, like Hausman, solve

  endless mysteries every year. There is, for example, the dust detective. Tiny bits of dust stick to

  your clothes, your fingernails, your hair, or your shoes. They catch in your nose and in your ears.

  They tell where you have been and what you have done lately. The dust detective often helps

  catch a criminal (罪犯) by proving that he has been on the scene (现场) of the crime.

  Then there is the wood detective. By studying a piece of wood he can tell what kind of tree

  the piece of wood came from. He can tell where it was grown, and how old it is. He can even tell

  you what the weather was like at a certain place the year Columbus landed in America. The

  growth rings on a tree tell him.

  40. Dr. Hausman decided that the second hunter had killed the mountain lion because

  ______.

  A. the second hunter was an honest man

  B. the second hunter showed a ball of human hair

  C. the second hunter said that he had taken a ball of hair from the stomach of the mountain lion

  D. the hair in the stomach of the mountain lion and the hair of the boy were exactly alike

  41. According to the selection, by studying a piece of wood, a wood detective can tell you

  ______.

  A. what the weather was like the year Columbus landed in America

  B. what the weather was like last year in the mountain

  C. what the weather was like last month in your hometown

  D. what kind of tree the piece of wood came from

  42. Endless mysteries are solved every year by ______.

  A. detectives who like Hausman

  B. detectives like Hausman

  C. other kinds of detectives who like Hausmen

  D. detectives Dr. Hausman likes

  43. What does the word "they" (para.5, line 4) mean?

  A. Your clothes. B. Your finger-nail. C. Tiny bits of dust. D. Your shoes.


Passage Three

  The winter holiday season is the most happy time of the year. Students from elementary school

  through college have about two weeks' vacation, beginning shortly before Christmas and ending

  soon after New Year's Day. Many families go away for the holidays, but those who stay home

  have fun, too. There are many parties to celebrate the birth of Christ and the arrival of the new

  year.

  Christianity (基督教) is based on the teachings and life of Jesus Christ. Jesus was born in

  Bethlehem in ancient Judea. No one knows exactly when Jesus was born. The year 1 A.D. is

  supposed to be the year of his birth, but historians now know that he was actually born several

  years before that time. No one knows the exact date of his birth either, but Christians have

  celebrated it on December 25 since the fourth century.

  The spirit of Christmas arrives about a month before the holiday itself. Late in November,

  street lights and store windows are decorated with Christmas colors of red and green.

  Stores depend on Christmas shoppers for about one-fourth of their yearly sales. Smart

  shoppers buy their gifts far in advance, before the Christmas rush. Christmas is expensive. To earn

  extra money for gifts, in December many Americans get part-time jobs.

  The most beautiful and meaningful parts of the holiday occur at home and in church. Many

  families go to church on Christmas Eve and Christmas morning. After that, they gather around the

  tree and open their gifts. Then they sit down to enjoy a Christmas dinner --turkey (火鸡) or ham,

  sweet potatoes, and vegetables.

  44. According to some historians, Jesus ______.

  A. was sent by the God to earth to save the human race

  B. was born on December 25

  C. was born several years before the year 1 A.D.

  D. was born in the year 1 A.D.

  45. It can be inferred from the selection that most people ______ on December 25.

  A. go shopping B. visit friends C. do cleaning D. stay at home

  46. According to the writer, to celebrate Christmas, people spend a lot of money and time on

  ______.

  A. preparing for the Christmas dinner

  B. going to church

  C. writing letters and sending Christmas

  D. buying gifts for family members, relatives or friends

  47. We can conclude from the selection that ______ like Christmas best.

  A. government officials B. teachers C. storekeepers D. secretaries


Passage Four

  Although we do not know the exact origin of the earliest Olympic games, we do know that the

  ancient Greeks had a festival in which athletes (运动员) competed in sports. On the opening day

  of the festival, perhaps 30,000 visitors crowded the streets. There were no sports on this day and

  the athletes took a sacred oath (神圣的誓言). They promised to play fair in the sports, a promise

  that is part of the oath Olympic athletes take today.

  On the second morning of the festival, young athletes ran out onto the field. The first event

  will be a foot race 607 feet in length. In the evening, after the sports, the visitors to Olympia

  would enjoy food, songs and speeches. They also did some business. At Olympia, keen minds (学

  者) from all over Greece exchanged ideas. Philosophers argued before the public. Poets recited

  their poems.

  This celebration was held every four years and was open to all men and boys who spoke

  Greek as their native language. The competition itself consisted of a single race and it was over in

  one day.

  The Olympic games came into being in 776 BC (before the Christ) and were most popular

  around the fifth century BC. At that time, the winner of a game received neither gold nor silver but

  a simple crown of olive leaves (橄榄叶) -- the highest honor a Greek could win. His family and

  his city were prouder of his victory than of winning a war. His name and achievement were carved

  on stone.

  The first of the modern Olympics took place in the same country as the original festivals: two

  hundred eighty-five athletes from thirteen countries competed in Athens in 1890. Today over ten

  thousand athletes from over one hundred seventy countries and regions compete --- every four

  years in a different city of the world.

  48. According to the selection, on the first day of the ancient Olympic Games the athletes

  took an oath ______.

  A. which is somewhat similar to the oath Olympic athletes take today

  B. which is entirely different from the oath the Olympic athletes take now

  C. which was an oath they never kept

  D. which was an oath they always broke

  49. It can be inferred from the selection that Olympia was ______.

  A. in Spain

  B. in Italy

  C. in Rome

  D. the place where the ancient Olympic games first took place

  50. When the winner of the ancient Olympic games received a simple crown of olive leaves,

  ______.

  A. he didn't fell very pleased

  B. he would rather be given gold or silver

  C. he felt greatly honored

  D. he would rather receive money

  51. The first modern Olympic games took place ______.

  A. in Olympia B. in Greece C. in Spain D. in Italy


Passage Five

  A certain hunter had found a piece of forest where there were plenty of animals to hunt. The only

  trouble was that the place was very difficult to get to.

  He returned from his first visit to the place in late autumn, and could not get back until the

  snow melted in the following spring. Then he went to the pilot of a small plane, who earned his

  living by carrying hunters over parts of the country where there were no roads and no railways. He

  asked the pilot to take him back to the piece of forest.

  The pilot did not know the place, so the hunter showed it to him on the map. "But there is

  nowhere to land there," said the pilot. "I have flown over that we can't land anywhere between this

  river and these mountains."

  "I thought you were a wonderful pilot," said the hunter, "some of my friends said you could

  land a plane on a postage stamp."

  "That's right," answered the pilot. "I can land a plane where nobody else can. But I tell you

  there is nowhere to land in the place you are talking about."

  "And what if I tell you that another pilot did land me there last spring?" said the hunter.

  "Is that true?" asked the pilot.

  "Yes, it is. I swear (发誓) it."

  Well, this pilot could not let himself beaten by another, so he agreed to take the hunter.

  When they reached the place, the hunter pointed out a small spot without trees in the middle

  of the forest, with a steep rise (陡坡) at one end. The pilot thought there was not enough room to

  land there, but the hunter said that the other pilot had done so the year before, so down went the

  plane. When it came to the rise, it turned right over (翻转) onto its back. As the hunter climbed

  out, he smiled happily and said, "Yes, that is exactly how the other pilot managed it last time."

  52. The hunter in the story went to the forest ______.

  A. once B. twice

  C. many times D. none of the above

  53. In the story the hunter asked a pilot to take him to the piece of forest. This pilot was

  ______.

  A. the same pilot who had taken him to the place once

  B. a different pilot who had never been to that part of the country

  C. a pilot who had been to the place many times

  D. a pilot who had never heard of such a place

  54. It was difficult for the pilot to land the plane because ______.

  A. the place for landing was as big as a room

  B. the place for landing was as small as a postage stamp

  C. there wasn't any place to land

  D. there was a room near the landing place

  55. "When it came to the rise, it turned right over onto its back." What do the words "its

  back" refer to?

  A. the back of the rise B. the pilot's back

  C. the back of the plane D. the back of the small spot


  Ⅴ. Daily Conversation(15 points)

  Directions: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the

  following dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  A. Anything wrong with you?

  B. That's splendid !

  C. you have to work, not to go watching football.

  D. You look very excited.

  E. I can quite believe it.

  F. I say, couldn't we all go and see it and shout for Jan's team?

  G. you must pay much attention to listening and speaking.

  H. Don't mention it.

  (Fred = A ; Mr. Smith = B ; Bob = C)

  A: Oh, Mr. Smith, are you very busy?

  B: Well, I was just going to give Bob a private lesson, but what's the matter? 56 __________

  A: I must tell you my news. Jan has been chosen to play football for London against Oxford

  University.

  B: 57__________ He must be very pleased about it, isn't he?

  A: Yes, he is, although he doesn't say much. The match is at three o'clock next Thurs- day.

  C: 58__________ .

  B : We mustn't give no attention to our work, Bob. If you want to learn English, 59

  __________.

  C : But sir, you needn't sit in a classroom to learn English. Why, ! went to see a football

  match last Saturday and I learned a lot of words I had never heard in this classroom.

  B: 60 __________.

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